Brain injury to referral to BIRP

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Mild and moderate brain injury

  • Mild and moderate brain injuries are most likely to be referred to a general practitioner (GP) or the emergency department.
  • People may recover from mild and moderate brain injuries over time.
  • Some people with mild-complicated and moderate brain injuries will have ongoing impairments and impacts significantly affecting their life where consultations, assessments, clinics and rehabilitation are likely to be of benefit. These people are referred for consultation, assessments and advice.
  • Some people with a similar profile of impairments may be referred to the BIRP when the diagnosis of traumatic brain injury is unclear. They may then access services for a limited time to assist with care planning.

Severe brain injury

The typical initial settings and pathways for severe brain injury is:

  • emergency department or retrieval and trauma services
  • acute hospital care, including possibly intensive care unit
  • hospital ward.

Typically the person is considered for rehabilitation either during acute care or when on a ward. For those who meets BIRP admission criteria a referral is initiated.

Part of Paul's story

Getting immediate help


Mountain retrieval, ambulance, local hospital treatment, helicopter transfer to metro hospital



Neurosurgery, intensive care, inpatient therapy

Paul's complete story

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