Terms and definitions
In these Spinal Seating Modules the following definitions will be used for common terms associated with the topic. It is important to note that these definitions may vary when reading more broadly, and some terms have definitions which have changed over time. The definitions used in these modules are taken from the glossary of terms published by the ‘Paralyzed Veterans of America’ (2013)1.
Definition used in Modules
Wheeled mobility device with a seating support system for a person with impaired mobility, intended to provide mobility in a seated position as its primary function. Includes manual and power wheelchairs. Excludes devices such as prone mobility carts that provide mobility in a non-seated position.
Wheelchair which relies on an occupant or an assistant for manual propulsion.
Wheelchair in which the motor power is derived from an integral source of electricpower.
Body support system used in a device intended to support the occupant in a sitting position; specifically those parts of a wheelchair, positioning chair or other seated mobility device which are intended to directly contact, support or contain the body of the occupant, including the seat, back support, arm support, lower leg support and foot support.
Wheeled mobility device
Mobility-related assistive technology device that provides wheeled mobility in a sitting, lying or standing position for persons with impaired mobility. Includes manual and power wheelchairs, scooters (POVs), toilet and shower wheelchairs, prone mobility carts and other unique mobility devices. Excludes: Ambulation aids.
Handrim-activated propulsion-assist drive
Type of manual wheelchair propulsion operated with a combination of human power and electrical power, where the activation of the electrical power is through application of a torque, displacement or force to the handrim or handrims.
Power add-on unit
Component that converts a manual wheelchair to a power wheelchair.
- Waugh, K., et al. 2013. Glossary of wheelchair terms and definitions, Ver. 1.0, Dec 2013. Paralysed Veterans of America. Denver, Colorado. Available for download from: http://www.pva.org/atf/cf/%7BCA2A0FFB-6859-4BC1-BC96-6B57F57F0391%7D/Lib_Waugh%20Glossary%20of%20Wheelchair%20Terms%20and%20Definit.pdf Accessed 29/02/16.