Fact sheetDiet specifications

Published on 1 Aug 2019


Fluid diet - bariatric surgery - clear

This document is part of the ACI Diet Specifications for Adult Inpatients. It is not to be used for patient education.

Aim

To provide a diet appropriate for patients immediately after bariatric (weight loss) surgery, to prevent gastrointestinal symptoms, complications and to replace or maintain the body’s fluid balance.

Characteristics

This diet contains only fluids or foods that liquefy at room temperature. All carbonated liquids and those containing fat are excluded. Only three items are provided at each meal with a maximum of 100–120mL per item, with the exception of water.

Indications

Where appropriate, clinicians may consider ordering this diet for patients:

  • Post-bariatric surgery, as clinically indicated or as per the surgeon’s recommendations (e.g. may be commenced 1–2 days post-surgery).

Nutritional adequacy

This diet is inadequate in all nutrients and should not be used as the sole source of nutritional support for more than three days. Patients will require assessment and monitoring by a dietitian (note: assessment may occur pre or post-surgery). Patients will require vitamin and mineral implementation if length of stay > 3 days and long-term; chewable or liquid forms are preferable.

Precautions

Patients do not receive a menu. For best tolerance patients should not use straws, should take small sips, start with liquids and sip them slowly throughout the day. To prevent dehydration, patients should sip low-energy fluids slowly throughout the day (30–60mL over 30 minutes), aiming for 1–1.5L per day. To prevent hypoglycaemia, the patient’s insulin regimens should be reviewed due to minimal carbohydrate provision. To prevent unwanted catabolism in adolescents and adults the protein content should be reviewed by a dietitian. Patients should be provided education and encouraged to avoid caffeine. One 100–120ml serve of tea or coffee per day is allowed.

Paediatrics

This diet is suitable for use in adolescents (≥15 years) when combined with an age-appropriate diet. However, it is noted that surgery can be considered at 14 years of age in exceptional circumstances.

Specific menu planning guidelines

Allowed Not allowed
Hot main dishesNone-
Sauces, graviesNone -
Starchy vegetables / pasta / riceNone -
VegetablesNone-
SoupsFat-free, clear soup and brothsCream soup, tomato soup, spicy soups or soups with visible food pieces
SandwichesNone-
Salads, dressingsNone-
Breads, cerealsNone -
SpreadsNone-
Hot breakfast choicesNone -
FruitNone-
YoghurtNone-
DessertsNone-
Milk and cheeseNone -
Beverages

Water, ½ strength apple juice (diluted) and low-joule cordial

One 100–120ml serve of black tea/coffee per day

All others including orange, pineapple, tomato and prune juices, and carbonated fluids

BiscuitsNone-
Miscellaneous

Commercial clear, fat-free, fibre-free, ≥ 3.5g protein/100ml liquid nutrition supplements

Commercial clear fat-free, liquid thickened fluids

Low-joule ice blocks

Sweetener

Cream, sugar, pepper, salt

Confectionary and chewing gum

Commercial rehydration fluids

Other commercial nutritional supplements

Other commercial thickened fluids

References

  1. Dietitians Association of Australia. Nutrition manual. 9th ed. Canberra: DAA; 2014.
  2. Snyder-Marlow G, Taylor D, Lenhard J. Nutrition care for patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for weight loss. Journal of The American Dietetic Association. 2010;110:600-7.
  3. Parkes E. Nutritional management of patients after bariatric surgery. Am J Med Sci. 2006;331:207-13.
  4. Mechanick J, Kushner R, Sugerman H, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, The Obesity Society, and The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery medical guidelines for clinical practice for the perioperative nutritional, metabolic, and nonsurgical support of the bariatric surgery patient. Obesity. 2009;17(1):S3–S72.
  5. Aills, L, Blankenship J, Buffungton C, et al. ASMBS Allied Health Nutritional Guidelines for the Surgical Weight Loss Patient. Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases. 2008(4);S73-S108.
  6. Shannon C, Gervasoni A, Williams T. The bariatric surgery patient: Nutritional considerations. Australian Family Physician. 2013;42(8):547-552.
  7. Dagan S, Goldenshluger, Globus I, et al. Nutritional Recommendations for Adult Bariatric Surgery Patients: Clinical Practice. American Society for Nutrition. 2017;8:382-94.
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