Back to top

Acute Scrotum - Further References and Resources


  • Barada JH, Weingarten JL, Cromie WJ. Testicular salvage and age-related delay in the presentation of testicular torsion. J Urology 1989;142:746-8

  • Ciftci AO, Senocak ME, Tanyel FC, et al. Clinical predictors for differential diagnosis of acute scrotum. Scan J Paed Surg 2004;15(5):333-8

  • Cokkinos DD, Antypa E, Tserotas P, et. Al. Emergency Ultrasound of the scrotum: a review of the commonest pathological conditions. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 2011;40:1-14

  • Davenport M. ABC of general surgery in children. Acute problems of the scrotum. BMJ 1996;312:435-437

  • Davis JE, Silverman, M. Scrotal Emergencies. Emerg Med Clin N Am 29 (2011) 469-484

  • Jefferson RH, Perez LM, Joseph DB. J Urol. 1997;158:1198-1200.

  • Kuo, CF, Wang WS, Lee CM, Liu CP, Tseng HK. Fournier’s Gangrene: ten year experience in a medical centre in northern Taiwan. Journal Microbiol Immunol Infect 2007 Dec;40(6):500-6

  • Liang, T, Metcalfe, P, Sevcik, W, Noga, M. Retrospective review of diagnosis and treatment of children presenting to the paediatric department with Acute Scrotum. AJR:200 May 2013

  • Mellick, LB. Torsion of the Testicle. Pediatric Emergency Care. Vol 28, No 1, Jan 2012

  • Ringdahl, E., & Teague, L. (2006). Testicular Torsion. American Family Physician, 74(10).

  • Tintinalli, JE. Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study guide. Sixth Edition. American College of Physicians.

  • Verma S, Sayana A, Kala S, Rai S. Evaluation of the Utility of the Fournier’s Gangrene Severity Score Index in the Management of Fournier’s Gangrene in North India: A Multicentre Retrospective Study. J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2012 Oct-Dec; 5(4): 273-276


  • Epididymo-orchitis. In: eTG complete [Internet]. Melbourne: Therapeutic Guidelines Limited; 2015 Mar.

  • Fournier’s Gangrene. In: eTG complete [Internet]. Melbourne: Therapeutic Guidelines Limited; 2015 Mar.

  • Notifiable Diseases NSW Public Health

© Agency for Clinical Innovation 2023