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Pleural effusion - references

  • Hooper C, Lee YC, Maskell N, BTS Pleural Guideline Group. "Investigation of a unilateral pleural effusion in adults: British Thoracic Society pleural disease guideline 2010". Thorax. 2010 Aug;65 (Suppl 2):ii4-17.

  • Wright M. Pleural effusion [internet]. Egton Medical Informations Systems Limited; [updated 2013 May 2: cited 2014 March 3]. Available from:

  • Light RW. "Clinical practice: Pleural effusion". N Engl J Med. 2002;346(25):1971-1977.

  • Light RW. "Disorders of the pleura and mediastinum". In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson JL, Loscalzo J, editors. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine [internet]. 18th ed. USA: McGraw-Hill; 2012 [cited 2014 March 5]. Available through CIAP:

  • Chest x-ray abnormalities [internet]. Radiology masterclass; 2007 [cited 2014 March 5. [Figure], Pleural effusions. Available from:

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