Fact sheetDiet specifications

Published on 1 Nov 2011


Fluid diet - moderately thick

This document is part of the ACI Diet Specifications for Adult Inpatients. It is not to be used for patient education.

Aim

To provide thickened fluids of a moderately thick consistency for patients with dysphagia for whom thinner fluids are unsafe, and to maintain fluid balance using thickened fluids.

Characteristics

Level 400 – moderately thick is similar to the thickness of room-temperature honey. It is cohesive and pours slowly. It is possible to drink directly from a cup, although fluid flows very slowly. It is difficult to drink through a straw, even if using a wide bore straw. Spooning the liquid into the mouth may be the best way of taking this fluid.

Testing scales for viscosity exist, but are not formalised or standardised. Subjectively, fluids at this thickness slowly drip in dollops through the prongs of a fork.

Indications

Swallowing disorders identified by a speech pathologist, such as those associated with stroke, degenerative diseases (including multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and Guillain-Barré syndrome), and changes to the tongue, palate or pharynx that affect swallowing.

Nutritional adequacy

Care must be taken to ensure adequate fluid intake when thickened fluids replace unmodified fluids. Small quantities should be offered every one or two hours.

Precautions

No water jug to be left at bedside. Ensure all liquids available to the patient are thickened to the level determined by the speech pathologist. Patients with uncoordinated oral muscles have difficulty controlling the flow of liquid, which can easily enter the airway and lungs, leading to infection.

Paediatrics

Suitable for use in paediatrics when combined with an age-appropriate diet.

Specific menu planning guidelines

Allowed Not allowed
Hot main dishes All -
Sauces, gravies All, if small amount served on food Served in a separate jug
Starchy vegetables / pasta / rice All -
Vegetables All -
Soups Pureed and thickened to characteristic level 400 thickness (all Band 1)All others
Sandwiches All -
Salads, dressings None -
Breads, cereals

All breads

All cereals, served with thickened milk

Milk with dry cereal
Spreads All -
Hot breakfast choices

Pureed baked beans

All others

Canned baked beans or spaghetti
Fruit

Drained canned fruit,

Fresh fruit that produces minimal juice when eaten (e.g. banana, apple).

Dried fruit

Juice from canned fruit

Fresh fruit where juice is produced when eaten (e.g. orange, watermelon, passionfruit)

Yoghurt All yoghurts -
Desserts

Most, including thick custard

Creamy rice is OK

Ice-cream, jelly, crème caramel (unless approved by speech pathologist)
Milk and cheese

Milk must be thickened to level 400 thickness

Milk with dry cereal
BeveragesMust be thickened to level 400 thicknessAll others
Biscuits All -
MiscellaneousThickened nutritional supplements -

References

  1. Dietitians Association of Australia. Nutrition manual. 8th ed. Canberra: DAA; 2009.
  2. Dietitians Association of Australia and The Speech Pathology Association of Australia Ltd. Texture-modified foods and thickened fluids as used for individuals with dysphagia: Australian standardised labels and definition. Nutr Diet 2007;64 Suppl 2:S53-76.
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