Fact sheetDiet specifications

Published on 1 Nov 2015


Fibre modified diet - moderate < 20g

This document is part of the ACI Diet Specifications for Adult Inpatients. It is not to be used for patient education.

Aim

To provide a diet moderately low in dietary fibre.

Characteristics

A diet providing less than 20g dietary fibre per day by avoiding foods that are high in dietary fibre and resistant starch.

Indications

  • acute phases of inflammatory bowel disease and diverticulitis.
  • gastrointestinal symptoms after radiation therapy or gastrointestinal surgery

Nutritional adequacy

Not nutritionally adequate; nutrients that may be inadequate include fibre, folate and magnesium.

Precautions

None.

Paediatrics

Suitable for use in paediatrics when combined with an age-appropriate diet.

Specific menu planning guidelines

 Allowed Not allowed
Hot main dishes

Main meals <3g fibre per serve

Plain roasted and grilled meats, poultry and fish

Plain omelettes

Tofu

Other wet dishes with low vegetable content

All dishes containing nuts, legumes or high vegetable content
Sauces, gravies All -
Starchy vegetables / pasta / rice <1.5g fibre per serve, e.g. mashed and boiled potato, white rice and pasta

Jacket and roasted potato

Brown rice or pasta

Vegetables <1.5g fibre per serve, e.g. well-cooked cauliflower florets, pumpkin, green beans, zucchini, squash, carrots Vegetables with >1.5g fibre per serve
Soups

Soups with <1.5g fibre per serve e.g. Clear broths, chicken noodle soup

Strained cream soups

Soups with >1.5g fibre per serve
Sandwiches Sandwiches made on white bread with meat, fish, egg and / or cheese fillings

Wholemeal, wholegrain, rye or high-fibre white bread

Vegetables (e.g. tomato, pickles)

Salads, dressings None -
Breads, cereals

White bread

Breakfast cereals providing <3g fibre per serve (e.g. Corn Flakes®, Rice Bubbles®, rolled oats, semolina)

Wholemeal, wholegrain or rye bread

High-fibre white bread

Other cereals (e.g. Weet-Bix™, muesli, bran cereals)

Spreads Honey, Vegemite™, jam, mayonnaise Marmalade, peanut butter
Hot breakfast choices Eggs, plain omelette, grilled bacon, tinned spaghetti, mushrooms, tomatoes (vegetables <1.5g/serve), sausages Baked beans
Fruit

Up to two serves per day: canned fruit <2.5g fibre per serve (e.g. peaches, apples, two fruits, pears)

All fresh and dried fruit

Canned pineapple, apricots, plums, fruit salad, cherries, berries, prunes

Yoghurt All yoghurt, fruit and plain -
Desserts

Plain milk puddings, e.g. custards, creamy rice

Ice-cream, jelly

Plain cakes and puddings

Any desserts containing fruit, e.g. sultana custard

Cakes made with wholemeal flour, fruit, nuts, coconut or bran

Vegetables

Milk and cheese All -
Beverages

Tea, coffee, milk, cordial, soft drinks

Milo®, Aktavite®

Other juices

Prune juice
Biscuits All others (e.g. Milk Arrowroot™, Milk Coffee™ Biscuits made with wholemeal flour, fruit, nuts, coconut, bran or vegetables (e.g. carrot)
Miscellaneous

Cream, sugar, salt, pepper

Sweetener

Psyllium, oat bran, nuts

References

  1. Dietitians Association of Australia. Nutrition manual. 9th ed. Canberra: DAA; 2014.
  2. American Dietetic Association. Nutrition care manual. Chicago: ADA; 2009.
  3. Maher AK, editor; Iowa Dietetic Association. Simplified diet manual. 10th ed. Ames: Blackwell; 2007.
  4. Food Standards Australia New Zealand. NUTTAB 2010 Online searchable database: foods that contain total dietary fibre.
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