Allergy diet - amine low
This document is part of the ACI Diet Specifications for Adult Inpatients. It is not to be used for patient education.
To provide a diet with a reduced amine content.
Avoids cheese; chocolate; aged, pickled, smoked, canned or dried meat and fish products; wines; yeast extracts; and some fruits and vegetables as listed (e.g. citrus, tomato, avocado, banana).
Diagnosed amine intolerance.
Nutritionally adequate with careful selection. Should be supervised by a dietitian.
All meat and fish dishes must be freshly cooked, as ageing increases the amine levels in protein foods.
Suitable for use in paediatrics when combined with an age-appropriate diet.
Specific menu planning guidelines
|Hot main dishes|
Plain steamed, grilled or roasted chicken, turkey, fresh white fish, lamb, beef
Boiled and scrambled eggs; omelette
Aged beef, bacon, ham, pork, silverside sausages, frozen fish
Salmon, tuna, sardines
Dishes containing cheese, soy sauce, stocks or flavour boosters
|Sauces, gravies||All others||Gravies, mint sauce, tomato sauce|
|Starchy vegetables / pasta / rice||All plain potato, pasta and rice||Savoury rice|
|Vegetables||Pumpkin, peas, carrots, beans, zucchini, corn, cabbage, sweet potato||Cauliflower, eggplant, broccoli, mushrooms, spinach, tomato, gherkin, olives|
|Sandwiches||Sandwiches made with plain beef or lamb, chicken, turkey, egg, cottage cheese||Sandwiches made with ham, silverside, cheese, salmon, tuna, sardines, peanut butter, mayonnaise, avocado|
All breads and rice cakes
Plain breakfast cereals (e.g. rolled oats, semolina, Corn Flakes®, Weet-Bix™, Rice Bubbles®)
Cereals with added fruit (e.g. muesli, Sultana Bran®)
Cereals with added nuts (e.g. Sustain®)
Margarine, butter, honey
Strawberry and apricot jam
Vegemite™, marmalade, peanut butter
|Hot breakfast choices||All plain egg dishes||Spaghetti, baked beans, bacon, tomato, cheese, mushrooms|
Canned apple and pear
|Bananas, pawpaw, grapefruit, kiwifruit, mandarins, oranges, passionfruit, pineapple, raspberries, grapes, plums, prunes, sultanas, lemons, figs, dates, avocado|
|Yoghurt||Plain and vanilla yoghurt and Frûche®||Flavoured and fruit yoghurt|
|Desserts||Custard, ice-cream, apple sponge/danish, cream, creamy rice|
Desserts containing high-amine fruits (see above)
|Milk and cheese|
All other milks
Fresh cheeses (e.g. ricotta, cottage cheese)
Chocolate-flavoured milk, milkshakes
Aged cheese (e.g. cheddar)
|Beverages||Tea, coffee, lemonade|
Cordial, soft drinks, cocoa, chocolate, Bonox®, Milo®
Orange juice, tomato juice, pineapple juices, apple juice
Vanilla-flavoured nutritional supplements
Salt and pepper
- Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy. Food intolerance.
- Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Allergy Unit. RPAH Elimination diet handbook. Sydney: RPAH; 2010.
- Swain AR, Soutter VL, Loblay RH. Friendly food: the complete guide to avoiding allergies, additives and problem chemicals. Sydney: Murdoch Books; 2004.