Fact sheetDiet specifications

Published on 1 Nov 2011


Allergy diet - amine low

This document is part of the ACI Diet Specifications for Adult Inpatients. It is not to be used for patient education.

Aim

To provide a diet with a reduced amine content.

Characteristics

Avoids cheese; chocolate; aged, pickled, smoked, canned or dried meat and fish products; wines; yeast extracts; and some fruits and vegetables as listed (e.g. citrus, tomato, avocado, banana).

Indications

Diagnosed amine intolerance.

Nutritional adequacy

Nutritionally adequate with careful selection. Should be supervised by a dietitian.

Precautions

All meat and fish dishes must be freshly cooked, as ageing increases the amine levels in protein foods.

Paediatrics

Suitable for use in paediatrics when combined with an age-appropriate diet.

Specific menu planning guidelines

Allowed Not allowed
Hot main dishes

Plain steamed, grilled or roasted chicken, turkey, fresh white fish, lamb, beef

Boiled and scrambled eggs; omelette

Aged beef, bacon, ham, pork, silverside sausages, frozen fish

Salmon, tuna, sardines

Dishes containing cheese, soy sauce, stocks or flavour boosters

Sauces, graviesAll othersGravies, mint sauce, tomato sauce
Starchy vegetables / pasta / riceAll plain potato, pasta and riceSavoury rice
VegetablesPumpkin, peas, carrots, beans, zucchini, corn, cabbage, sweet potatoCauliflower, eggplant, broccoli, mushrooms, spinach, tomato, gherkin, olives
SoupsNone 
SandwichesSandwiches made with plain beef or lamb, chicken, turkey, egg, cottage cheeseSandwiches made with ham, silverside, cheese, salmon, tuna, sardines, peanut butter, mayonnaise, avocado
Salads, dressingsNoneAvocado
Breads, cereals

All breads and rice cakes

Plain breakfast cereals (e.g. rolled oats, semolina, Corn Flakes®, Weet-Bix™, Rice Bubbles®)

Cereals with added fruit (e.g. muesli, Sultana Bran®)

Cereals with added nuts (e.g. Sustain®)

Spreads

Margarine, butter, honey

Strawberry and apricot jam

Vegemite™, marmalade, peanut butter

Other jams

Hot breakfast choicesAll plain egg dishesSpaghetti, baked beans, bacon, tomato, cheese, mushrooms
Fruit

Fresh apple

Canned apple and pear

Bananas, pawpaw, grapefruit, kiwifruit, mandarins, oranges, passionfruit, pineapple, raspberries, grapes, plums, prunes, sultanas, lemons, figs, dates, avocado
YoghurtPlain and vanilla yoghurt and Frûche®Flavoured and fruit yoghurt
DessertsCustard, ice-cream, apple sponge/danish, cream, creamy rice

Desserts containing high-amine fruits (see above)

Jelly

Milk and cheese

All other milks

Fresh cheeses (e.g. ricotta, cottage cheese)

Chocolate-flavoured milk, milkshakes

Aged cheese (e.g. cheddar)

BeveragesTea, coffee, lemonade

Cordial, soft drinks, cocoa, chocolate, Bonox®, Milo®

Orange juice, tomato juice, pineapple juices, apple juice

BiscuitsPlain biscuits 
Miscellaneous

Vanilla-flavoured nutritional supplements

Salt and pepper

Nuts

Fruit cake

References

  1. Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy. Food intolerance.
  2. Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Allergy Unit. RPAH Elimination diet handbook. Sydney: RPAH; 2010.
  3. Swain AR, Soutter VL, Loblay RH. Friendly food: the complete guide to avoiding allergies, additives and problem chemicals. Sydney: Murdoch Books; 2004.
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